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Further Education and Training Phase (Grade 10 to 12)

Registration and admission to the FET Phase

The following important rules apply to the FET Phase:

Grade 10

Admission requirements: A learner must have passed Grade 9, with a correct subject combination for Grade 10.

Registration: Registration with must be completed before 1 January.

Subject changes: A learner may only make two subject changes during Grade 10.

Grade 11

Admission requirements: A learner must have passed Grade 10 after 2007 with a minimum of seven subjects and the required subject combination (with a valid Grade 10 report card as proof).

Subject changes: A learner may only make two subject changes from Grade 10 to Grade 11, before 31 July. The change of language (e.g. Afrikaans Home Language to Afrikaans First Additional Language) is considered a subject change. CAPS implications should also be taken into consideration.

Grade 12

Admission requirements: A learner must have passed Grade 10 and Grade 11 after 2007 with a minimum of seven subjects and the required subject combinations (with a valid Grade 10 and Grade 11 report card as proof). The Grade 11 report card must be submitted before the end of February.

Registration: Registration must be completed before end of December.

Subject changes: A learner may only make one subject change from Grade 11 to Grade 12, and then only during registration. The change of language (e.g. Afrikaans Home Language to Afrikaans First Additional Language) is considered a subject changed. For any additional subjects, a candidate must prove that the subject was successfully completed in Grade 10 and Grade 11 and that portfolio work was completed.

SACAI registration and NSC examination: The completed SACAI examination registration form (will be emailed to the candidate) must be submitted (available on SACAI’s website). Examinations are managed by accredited examination centres in South Africa, with potential transport and accommodation cost implications for the client.

Assessments: All assessment components must be submitted


The FET Phase requires seven subjects, consisting of four compulsory and three elective subjects. A candidate can register for a maximum of nine subjects.


The learner takes four compulsory subjects from the following groups:

Two compulsory language subjects:

At least one Home Language

A second language subject, at Home Language or First Additional Language level.

One of the above must include the language of learning and instruction (i.e. the language in which the rest of the subjects are taken).

One compulsory mathematical subject:


Mathematical Literacy.

One compulsory subject:

Life Orientation.

The learner must take a minimum of three elective subjects from the following list:


French Second Additional Language (only offered in English)

Natural, Mathematical and Computer Sciences:

Life Sciences

Physical Sciences

Agricultural Sciences

Agricultural Management Practices

Computer Applications Technology

Information Technology

Human and Social Studies:


Dramatic Arts

Visual Arts

Religious Studies

Business, Commercial and Management Studies:


Business Studies


Engineering, Technology and Services:

Civil Technology

Electrical Technology

Mechanical Technology

Engineering Graphics and Design

Hospitality Studies


The FET Phase includes the following additional non-examination subject for Grade 10 and 11:

Bible Studies.

Assessment components

In the FET Phase, the learner is responsible for reaching learning targets throughout the year, which contributes to the learner’s year mark (also called SBA, or school-based assessment). The year mark is calculated by a combination of continuous assessment components (also called portfolio pieces), as prescribed by CAPS. The assessment components are weighted and combined, as determined by CAPS, to calculate the final year mark. The year mark is 25% of the final mark.

Grades 10 – 11 include English, Afrikaans, Life Orientation, as well as a choice between Mathematics (strongly recommended) and Mathematical Literacy. To enrol for Grade 11, the student must prove that he/she has passed Grade 10 with 7 subjects, with Life Orientation as compulsory subject. The passing requirements are as follows; First Language, Life Orientation and 1 subject of choice 40%, any 3 other subjects 30 % and 1 subject below 30% If the learner fails 2 subjects, they can apply to rewrite the exam. If they pass this supplementary exam, they will be allowed to do grade 11; otherwise the learner needs to redo the failed grade 10 subjects. Certain combinations of subjects are not allowed. Information Technology and Computer Application Technology may not be taken together. If the learner takes Physical Science, Information Technology, Electrical Technology, Civil Technology and Mechanical Technology as subjects, they have to take Mathematics and not Mathematical Literacy. From grade 10 onwards students follow a more formal structure and it is important that your child keeps to the annual program and time schedule in order to establish the necessary discipline for grade 12.

Grade 12 English, Afrikaans and Life Orientation are compulsory subjects, as well as the choice between Maths (highly recommended) and Math Literacy. The learner also has to choose three additional subjects as well as supply us with the following documents in order to register for the Prelim and final exams.

  1. A legitimate Grade 10 and Grade 11 Report
  2. A certified copy of the candidate’s ID
  3. Two colour ID photos

In addition to enrolling as a student, a student must also complete 2 registrations in Grade 12, for which the above documents will be required, together with the relevant application form.

  • The candidate enrols as a student with us in January and receives his/her Grade 12 curriculum.
  • The candidate registers before March 15 to write the Prelims
  • The candidate registers on the date specified by SACAI to write the final exam

More about the Grade 12 Qualification: Successful matriculants will receive an NSS certificate accredited by Umalusi. To achieve this qualification the student must achieve a minimum of 40% in 3 subjects, of which one must be their first language. Further requirements relating to degree and diploma admissions are listed below:

  • Diploma Admission: A minimum of 40% in four recognised subjects
  • Degree Admission: A minimum of 50% in four recognised subjects

Recognised subjects: Two Languages, Economics, Visual Arts, Dramatic Arts, IT, Accounting, Life Science, Physical Science, Maths, Maths Literature, IGO, Geography, and Business Studies. A matriculant is required to obtain 50% in all their subjects. A complete SBA is also required for the year in all 7 subjects. Students need to have been assessed up to Prelim Exams level.


Formal assessment in the FET Phase


Continuous assessment components (March, July and September)

Year-end assessment

Pass mark

10 – 11

March test series

June examination

September test series

Practical investigations, research projects, tasks, orals, PATs and PETs

Year-end examination

Home Language: 40%

Any two other subjects: 40%

Any three other subjects: 30%


March test series

June examination

August test series

September test series

Practical investigations, research projects, tasks, orals, PATs and PETs

NSS final examination
(October – November)

Home Language: 40%

Any two other subjects: 40%

Any three other subjects: 30%


A description of the practical investigations, research projects, tasks, orals, PATs and PETs in the FET phase is set out in the table.

Description of assessment components in the FET Phase

Assessment component


Practical investigation

The practical investigation in the different phases as explained in the instructions is done throughout the year. The focus is on process skills. The learner must provide proof of planning, observation and collection of information.

The following basic steps must be followed:

An investigation question is set explaining the research goal.

Collect the relevant data needed to complete the practical aspect of the task.

Arrive at conclusions based on theoretic formulation of the research.

Research project

The research project is the theoretical part of the practical investigation, where the theory is examined to demonstrate the practical part.


Tasks are aimed toward specific subject content from the study guide.


Orals are required in all language subjects. It is a critical requirement for the year mark and without an oral mark the learner cannot receive a final mark in the subject.

PAT (Practical Assessment Task)

A PAT is a task that is compiled in certain practical subjects throughout the year. A PAT contributes to the year mark and forms part of the subject’s external assessment and contributes a further 25% towards a candidate’s final mark.

PET (Physical Education Task)

A PET is a physical exercise in Life Orientation; with fitness, games, sport and recreation components included.

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